Scagliola is a word derived from scagli, which means scale, and referred to a gypsum ore abundant in Italy Romagna. Its name comes from its appearance which reminded of fish scale
s. By extension, the term has designated any work from that ore.
The scientific name of "scagli" is selenite, in reference to its lunar whiteness (selene means moon in ancient Greek), and the rigorous name of the work scagliola is stucco marble.
The term stucco-marble itself resembles a pleonasm, since stucco already means "marble aspect" but it clearly highlights the similarity between the works practiced according to the scagliola technique and the marbles from quarry
During the Italian Renaissance, in the seicento, architects and decorators used a lot of marble to decorate chapels, palaces and prestigious buildings. The demand was so high that the marble ran out. It was then that a craftsman, Guido Fassi, popularized the technique of scagliola and gave it its credentials.
He is now considered the inventor and founding father of the stucco-marble scagliola.
Other sources place the birth of stucco marmo scagliola in Bavaria in the early 16th century. As no trace was found in Emilia Romagna until the middle of this century, it is very likely that transalpine workers spread this technique in both regions.
But whatever the regional prides, the most important are the decorations of the famous "Reiche Kapelle", in the palace of the Duke of Bavaria, the decorations of the palaces of the Medecis, the encrusted tables and the creative genius of the artists of this glorious period.
Later the technique emigrated to Australia, England, the United States, and eventually disappeared. Probably because of the secrets surrounding its implementation, certainly also because of a change in customer tastes and because of a lack of creativity in the products offered: columns and walls do not fit all the decorations
Today at the dawn of the 3rd millennium, taking advantage of the renewed interest in crafts, the stucco-marble scagliola comes out of its hibernation.
And in a more contemporary vein the works of Angelo Barrero (http://angelbarero.be) and of course mine.